Sometimes without being suspected, the plants in our garden prove to be real remedies against the ailments of their leafy neighbors. Here is a short guide for lovers of natural solutions, in the vegetable garden as well as in the ornamental garden.
Liquid manure, decoction, infusion … what difference?
It is not always easy to find your way among all the methods of preparing garden recipes whose names evoke grandmother’s potions. To simplify your life, here you will find a lexicon of the techniques used:
Liquid manure: leave to ferment for 1 to 4 weeks 1 kg of plants in 10L of water, stirring from time to time. The filter then uses diluted.
Infusion: infuse approximately 100 g of plants in 1L of hot water until completely cooled.
Decoction: slowly boil 100g of plants per liter of water for about fifteen minutes then leave to stand for a few hours.
Maceration: macerate cold between one and five days.
Each preparation will, of course, require some adaptations depending on the plant used. Whatever happens, use spring water or rainwater to make your mixes and use only freshly picked plants.
Before use, make sure to mix your preparations well. In this way, the active ingredients will not remain at the bottom of your container.
Very useful, plants with fungicidal action have the effect of preventing and eliminating cryptogamic diseases, that is to say, diseases caused by fungi. These microscopic mushrooms are almost invisible to the naked eye. When you can see them, it is often too late to act and the health of the host plant will quickly decline.
Insecticides and natural repellents
It is true that some insects and small animals can be very greedy in the vegetable garden and cause a lot of damage. Act quickly before the infestation is too large to control.
Furthermore, rather than waging an endless war against insects, it may be welcome to give them a space of freedom in a corner of the garden. This meager sacrifice will divert their attention and avoid you to unbalance the biodiversity of your garden.
Burdock is astonishing multitasking: not only is it at the origin of the invention of Velcro, but it also has a stimulating effect on plants in the garden.
It should also be noted that certain plants have the effect of strengthening the microbial flora on and near the plants, thus immunizing them against numerous attacks. Because a healthy plant is a more resistant plant.
Here is a selection of six plants with stimulating properties in the garden:
- Yarrow macerated for two to three days or a chamomile decoction, diluted to 10%;
- Burdock in infusion then diluted to 25%;
- Comfrey, nettle or dandelion in infusion diluted to about 5%.